Religion[ edit ] With approximately 27 million worldwide[ citation needed ] Sikhs are adherents to the fifth-largest religion in the world, Sikhism, making up 0. Migrations of Sikhs during the era of the Gurus were limited to the boundaries of modern-day India and Pakistanand in particular restricted to the Sikh tribal heartland of the Punjab Region. The development of the Sikh Confederacy and the development of the Sikh Empire —led to Sikhs migrating to conquered parts of their empire such as Ladakh and Peshawar.
Khalsa and Sahajdhari KangaKara and Kirpan: The symbols represent the ideals of Sikhism: Uncut hair, usually tied and wrapped in a Dastar Kanga: A wooden comb, usually worn under a Dastar Kachera: Cotton undergarments, historically appropriate in battle due to increased mobility when compared to a dhoti.
Worn by both sexes, the kachera is a symbol of chastity. An iron bracelet, a symbol of eternity. An iron dagger in different sizes. In the UK Sikhs Sikh research paper wear a small dagger, but in the Punjab they might wear a traditional curved sword from one to three feet in length.
Music and instruments[ edit ] Main article: Sikh music The Sikhs have a number of musical instruments: Playing the sarangi was encouraged by Guru Hargobind.
The rebab was played by Bhai Mardana as he accompanied Guru Nanak on his journeys. The jori and sarinda were introduced to Sikh devotional music by Guru Arjan. The taus was designed by Guru Hargobind, who supposedly heard a peacock singing and wanted to create an instrument mimicking its sounds taus is the Persian word for peacock.
The dilruba was designed by Guru Gobind Singh at the request of his followers, who wanted a smaller instrument than the taus. This type of singing is known as Gurmat Sangeet. When they marched into battle, the Sikhs would play a Ranjit Nagara victory drum to boost morale.
Nagaras usually two to three feet in diameter, although some were up to five feet in diameter are played with two sticks. The beat of the large drums, and the raising of the Nishan Sahibmeant that the singhs were on their way.
About 76 percent of all Sikhs live in the north Indian State of Punjabwhere they form a majority about two-thirds of the population.
Due to this, Canada is the country that has the highest number of Sikhs in proportion to the population in the world at 1. Moliner wrote  that as a consequence of Sikh migration to the UK "becom[ing] virtually impossible since the late s", migration patterns evolved to continental Europe.
Italy is a rapidly growing destination for Sikh migration,  with Reggio Emilia and Vicenza having significant Sikh population clusters. Primarily for socio-economic reasons, Indian Sikhs have the lowest adjusted growth rate of any major religious group in India, at However they all came from just one caste, the Khatris.
Despite being very small in numbers, the mercantile Khatri and Arora castes wield considerable influence within the Sikh community.
Other common Sikh castes include Sainis kshatriyasRajputsRamgarhias artisansAhluwalias formerly brewersKambojs rural casteRai Sikh rural casteLabanas merchantsKumhars and the two Dalit castes, known in Sikh terminology as the Mazhabis the Chuhras and the Ravidasias the Chamars.Transcript.
My name is Tilak Raj Betab. I was born in Lahore and was the tenth of my brothers and sisters. I lived in quite a big house, five Muslim houses were around us and one Hindu and one Sikh . Guru Nanak Dev Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕ), the founder and first Guru of Sikhism, was born in the year,, in village Talwandi of the Punjab province in the Indian subcontinent.
The village, now known as Nankana Sahib, is situated near the city of Lahore in present day Pakistan. Sikhs over the world celebrate the auspicious occasion of Guru Nanak . Australia – A group of motorcyclists in the Australian state of New South Wales are seeking an exemption from the mandatory wearing of motorcycle crash helmets.
The group who are Sikh motorcyclists are asking for the exemption in the helmet wearing law that states: The rider of a motorcycle must wear an approved motorcycle helmet . Islamic Research Foundation New York Islamic Shariah Council New York AHAD TV Humanity Charity Peace Relief OneGod TV Founder Mufti Sheikh Ammaar Saeed.
The Interfaith Calendar: primary sacred dates for all world religions by Delton Krueger. Holy Days that have endured the test of thousands of years of human life.
Online Punjabi news in Punjabi and Hindi covering Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir. Latest news from Punjab in Punjabi.